International Development Projects

 

 

 

WFLO provides cold chain development advisory services around the world. The World Food Logistics Organization (WFLO) is the educational and research foundation of the Global Cold Chain Alliance. WFLO provides hands-on, industry-specific guidance on the production, processing, transporting, and storing of temperature-controlled goods. Since 2002, WFLO has worked in over 60 countries supporting sustainable cold chain practices and capacity-building activities.

Click on each country to learn about our work there. Contact Amanda Brondy (abrondy@gcca.org) and Madison Jaco (mjaco@gcca.org) for more information on WFLO’s international projects.

 

Afghanistan

Commercial Horticulture & Agricultural Marketing Program (CHAMP), 2017

Partnered with Roots for Peace

Roots of Peace works on the Commercial Horticulture & Agricultural Marketing Program (CHAMP) in Afghanistan. In 2017, WFLO collaborated with them on a report to support new and existing cold stores within the airports of Kabul, Mazar, and Kandahar. WFLO presented CHAMP with technical drawings and specifications recommended to meet the production needs with anticipated future growth.

 

Cold Chain Development, 2012

Partnered with DAI

In 2012, two GCCA members provided warehouse operations and construction design support in the Herat region of Afghanistan to advise on the construction of a cold storage facility for agricultural products. The team also drafted a business plan for this facility in partnership with the Afghanistan Chamber of Commerce in Herat.

Algeria

Cochran Cold Chain Management and Products Processing Training, 2007

The Cochran Fellowship Program provides short-term training opportunities to agricultural professionals from middle-income countries, emerging markets, and emerging democracies. The goals are to help eligible countries develop agricultural systems necessary to meet the food and fiber needs of their domestic populations and to strengthen and enhance trade linkages between eligible countries and agricultural interests in the United States. In 2007, WFLO offered cold chain management and products processing training to Cochran Fellows from Algeria and Morocco.

Angola

Emerging Markets Program (EMP), 2015-2016

Partnered with SIAM Professionals

With support from the USAPEEC and the USMEF, USDA agreed to fund a cold chain assessment and training to enhance the importation of perishable foods and the infrastructure supporting temperature-controlled logistics. For this project, WFLO completed an assessment followed by an educational study tour to South Africa for cold chain logistics.

Armenia

Cold Chain Management Course, 2010

Partnered with Millennium Challenge Account (MCA)

WFLO provided a 2.5-day cold storage operations course in Yerevan, Armenia, directed at area managers and senior level supervisors of refrigerated warehouses. This course included modules on Introduction to Warehouse Operations and Sanitation Standard Operating Procedures (SSOPs).

Bangladesh

Bangladesh Trade Facilitation Project (BTF), 2020-Present

Partnered with Land O’Lakes Venture37 and LixCap

WFLO was awarded a five-year subcontract supporting the Bangladesh Trade Facilitation (BTF) project. This is a USDA-funded project focused on expanding trade in agricultural products by reducing the cost of trade; decreasing the release time of imported agricultural goods; and increasing agricultural productivity by improving processes. WFLO will support the comprehensive trade assessment by performing a cold storage ecosystem assessment and will lead activities to enhance cold storage infrastructure for perishable goods. With LixCap, WFLO will advance the legal framework for warehouse operations, streamline warehouse processes, engage the private sector on cold storage infrastructure, develop material to incentivize and attract investors and operators, identify and support potential investors and operators, offer training, and build capacity of certification bodies for food safety management.

Cold Chain Bangladesh Alliance (CCBA), 2013-2016

Partnered with Winrock International

For 3 years, WFLO worked with Winrock International on the USAID-funded Bangladesh Cold Chain Alliance project, which closed in 2016. This project supported a local company, Golden Harvest, in its efforts to build a modern cold chain that could support a market for fresh fruits and vegetables. WFLO sent experts to assist with postharvest, cold chain, and energy assessments. WFLO also completed two events with Winrock. The first was an educational seminar on cold chain issues. This was followed by the inaugural Cold Chain Expo. Both events were inaugural for bringing together industry specific and relevant participants along the cold chain while also providing high quality educational programming.

Benin

Cold Chain Rapid Response and Master Plan Strategy, 2021-Present

Partnered with LixCap

The WFLO has been tasked with supporting a cold chain rapid response and strategy in the West African country of Benin. GCCA member LixCap has subcontracted WFLO to support the development of critical cold chain assets to operate on a commercial basis. Following a market assessment, LixCap and WFLO will provide technical support to ensure the safe and commercially viable operation of facilities. The main objective of this study is to support the development of a roadmap to attract and catalyze commercially viable and sustainable cold chain operations in Benin. Based on their assessment, the team will deliver a concept design for state funded cold chain facilities in Benin at the airport of Cotonou and design and tender documentation for airport-based cold chain facilities.

Organization of Islamic Cooperation/COMCEC Postharvest Loss Study, 2015 – 2016

Partnered with Postharvest Education Foundation

In 2015-2016, WFLO worked with The Postharvest Education Foundation (PEF), founded by GCCA’s Senior Technical Advisor, Dr. Lisa Kitinoja, to research and write a study on the food losses incurred on-farm in the 57 member countries. Funded by the COMCEC Office of the OIC, this project assessed on-farm losses to provide recommendations to reduce such losses. Through an extensive literature review, survey, and case studies completed on specific crops in Uganda, Nigeria, Benin, Egypt, Turkey, and Indonesia, the study identified seven recommendations for consideration. The recommendations were intended to be practical, applicable, concrete, open to collaborative efforts and capable of being implemented on a small, medium, or large scale to match currently available resources.

Green Project, 2012

Partnered with Partners for Development

In 2012, WFLO supported Partners for Development (PFD) on the GREEN project with technical support and training in the areas of postharvest treatment and management of losses, association development, and appropriate cold chain technologies.

Identification of Appropriate Postharvest Technologies for Improving Market Access and Incomes for Small Horticultural Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, 2009

Partnered with UC Davis Postharvest Research and Information Center

Beginning in February 2009, WFLO led a one-year project to assess the state of postharvest losses and quality problems in developing countries, funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The goals of the project were to develop a set of recommendations for guiding future projects and to assist the Foundation in planning their overall horticultural strategy. Project partners included UC Davis (California, USA), Amity University (India), ISAR and KIST (Rwanda), CSIR, KNUST and PolyTechnics (Ghana) and IITA–Benin. During April – September 2009, an international team of scientists and value chain experts involved with the WFLO Appropriate Postharvest Technology project embarked upon a series of field trips to Egypt, Rwanda, Benin, Kenya, Ghana, Indonesia, and India.

Bolivia

Emerging Markets Program: Cold Chain Assessment, Training and Advisory Services for Bolivia, Ecuador, and Peru, 2014-2015

The USDA’s Emerging Market Programs looks to support emerging economies with their ability to receive US exports. In 2014, WFLO completed an assessment comparing the cold chain networks of these countries and followed up with cold chain training in Colombia.

Botswana

Partnerships for Food Industry Development, Southern Africa, 2004 – 2009

Partnered with Louisiana State University

WFLO supported the PFID project in Southern Africa through trainings and association capacity building activities. This provided a market services support program, which improved market access, market linkages, and the region’s cold chain services. Countries reviewed in this project were Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia, and Namibia.

Cambodia

Owners Engineering Add On, 2020 – Present

Partnered with LixCap

After completing a feasibility study in 2019, WFLO was asked to support further work in the region with an owners engineering add on. In partnership with LixCap, WFLO is overseeing site studies and managing a construction and supply tender process for a cross-docking facility at LM17 port in Cambodia. In the future, WFLO will lead investor outreach and continue the feasibility assessment.

South East Asia Emerging Markets Program: Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam, 2019 – Present

WFLO is conducting a comprehensive baseline assessment of the cold chain situation in Vietnam, Thailand, and Cambodia. This activity is a part of the USDA-funded Emerging Markets Program (EMP), which helps U.S. organizations promote exports of U.S. agricultural products to countries that have or are developing market-oriented economies and that have the potential to be viable commercial markets. In 2019, several GCCA members and staff were able to visit the region to perform site studies and tours and collect data. This data will be compiled and help WFLO create recommendations for cold chain development.

Cold Chain Feasibility Study, 2018-2019

Partnered with LixCap

Funded by Infunde Development Pte Ltd., WFLO and LixCap performed a feasibility study for developing a public refrigerated warehouse facility in Cambodia. This included a market overview, demand and supply assessments, facility conceptual design, recommendations, financial analysis, and ad hoc advice. WFLO and LixCap were later invited to further this project with an Owners Engineering Add On in 2020.

Chile

Private Market Study, 2019

In 2019, WFLO completed a Cold Chain Market Study for Chile and Colombia. WFLO was tasked with researching and interviewing GCCA members to provide an overview of the market for cold chain investments in the countries, based on desktop research.

Cochran Cold Chain Management and Products Processing Training, 2007

The Cochran Fellowship Program provides short-term training opportunities to agricultural professionals from middle-income countries, emerging markets, and emerging democracies. The goals are to help eligible countries develop agricultural systems necessary to meet the food and fiber needs of their domestic populations and to strengthen and enhance trade linkages between eligible countries and agricultural interests in the United States. In 2007, WFLO offered cold chain management and products processing training to Cochran Fellows from Chile, Colombia, El Salvador, and Uruguay.

China

USTDA China Standards, 2017-2018

Partnered with China Federation of Logistics & Purchasing

In March 2017, WFLO received funds from the USTDA to develop standards for CFLP in Beijing. In April and May, a team visited Shanghai and Beijing to meet with a variety of cold chain stakeholders. This team discussed current Chinese regulations, assessed the regulations in comparison to international best practices, and produced an Operators Handbook. Results of the assessment and international best practices were presented at four events located in Dalian, Shanghai, Beijing, and Guandong.

Rapid Assessment of Global Cold Chain in Chengdu, China, 2015

Partnered with Creative

From May-June 2015, WFLO worked with Creative Associates on the USAID-funded Sichuan Market Development (SMD) Program in Chengdu, China. This project supported economic development for Tibetans living in Chengdu. WFLO explored existing challenges and opportunities within the cold chain by completing a rapid baseline assessment of cold chain capabilities and infrastructure.

Chengdu Cold Chain Event, 2015

Partnered with Creative

Results of the rapid assessment in Chengdu were presented at an industry seminar. The seminar was held on 12 June 2015, attracting 65 international, national, and local cold chain stakeholders. It was supported by GCCA’s Representative in China Li Hai Dong and GCCA members Lynn Liu and Li Liu, who organized and undertook the assessment.

Cold Chain Reverse Trade Mission Agreement (RTM), 2014-2016

Partnered with The Peoples Group LTD

As part of the organization’s extensive history of supporting cold chain development in China, WFLO partnered with The Peoples Group to support a trade mission of Chinese businessmen and women. In 2014, 13 delegates visited the facilities of GCCA members in California and Florida demonstrating strong enthusiasm for the U.S. companies, products, and technologies seen over the course of two weeks. Although the economic climate was not strong enough to support immediate action, follow-up in 2016 reflected that most of the attendees fully expect to implement their projects at some point in the future and will maintain their ties with GCCA members.

Emerging Markets Program: Technical Assistance for Handling Fresh Produce in China, 2012

Partnered with Commodity Credit Corporation

The WFLO, in coordination with Produce Marketing Association, SIAM Professionals LLC, and the Guangdong Province Cold Chain and Logistics Association, presented a Technical Training Workshop on Handling Fresh Produce in September 2012 in Guangzhou. This training course featured the classic cold chain courses from WFLO. It was a two-day training workshop with 9 modules including site visits to two cold storage facilities (Shenzhen Yuan Xing Fruits NanHai Distribution Center and the Guangzhou Jiang Nan Fruit and Vegetable Wholesale Market) used to store fresh fruit and vegetables imported from the US and other countries. A total of 42 people participated in the training.

USDA Cochran Cold China Study Tour, 2011

WFLO offered a 15-day, customized program to expose Chinese cold chain experts to the best and latest marketing techniques for the fruit and vegetable value chain. The program’s overarching goal was to improve the marketing capacity of China’s agriculture sector and to strengthen its trade links with the United States, through attendance at the 2011 Annual IARW-WFLO Convention in New Orleans, Louisiana, to learn about best practices and network with industry leaders. The groups also traveled to Washington, DC, for meetings with appropriate government agencies. The fellows were provided with technical training on proper storage, handling, and transportation of perishable goods.

USTDA China Seminars, 2009-2010

Partnered with The Peoples Group LTD

WFLO tapped into China’s market potential with a series of cold chain seminars sponsored by the United States Trade Development Agency (USTDA). Over the course of three days in October 2009, leading U.S. firms presented the latest in refrigeration warehousing and transportation technologies and best practices in three different cities: Shanghai, Chengdu, and Guangzhou. GCCA invited interested U.S. member companies to present at the seminars.

Cochran Cold Chain Management and Products Processing Training, 2007

The Cochran Fellowship Program provides short-term training opportunities to agricultural professionals from middle-income countries, emerging markets, and emerging democracies. The goals are to help eligible countries develop agricultural systems necessary to meet the food and fiber needs of their domestic populations and to strengthen and enhance trade linkages between eligible countries and agricultural interests in the United States. In 2007, WFLO offered cold chain management and products processing training to Cochran Fellows from China.

Importer Technical Training Assistance Project, 2004-2006

Partnered with U.S. Meat Export Federation (USMEF)

From 2004 to 2006, WFLO worked with the USDA FAS office in Beijing, China, to develop the cold chain and meat industry in the country. WFLO worked with various companies involved in all sectors of the cold chain and the meat industry to prepare events for this project. We interacted with industry representatives from all the sectors to assess the training needs in Beijing, China.

Colombia

Private Market Study, 2019

In 2019, WFLO completed a Cold Chain Market Study for Chile and Colombia. WFLO was tasked with researching and interviewing GCCA members to provide an overview of the market for cold chain investments in the countries, based on desktop research.

Cochran Fellowship Cold Chain Management Program, 2007

The Cochran Fellowship Program provides short-term training opportunities to agricultural professionals from middle-income countries, emerging markets, and emerging democracies. The goals are to help eligible countries develop agricultural systems necessary to meet the food and fiber needs of their domestic populations and to strengthen and enhance trade linkages between eligible countries and agricultural interests in the United States. In 2007, WFLO offered cold chain management and products processing training to Cochran Fellows from Colombia, Peru, and Venezuela.

Costa Rica

Needs Assessment, 2004 – 2006

Partnered with the U.S. Meat Export Federation (USMEF)

From 2004 to 2006, WFLO partnered with the United States Meat Export Federation (USMEF) and the United States Poultry and Egg Export Council (USPEEC) on a project funded by the USDA as a Global Based Initiative. Culminating in a Needs Assessment published in 2006, the project examined the integrated cold chain sectors of storage/distribution, processing, retail sales, and food service in Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala, Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Costa Rica.

Cold Chain Infrastructure Assessment for Potato Industry, 2006

Partnered with Washington, Oregon and Idaho Potatoes Commissions

In collaboration with Washington, Oregon, and Idaho Potato Commissions, WFLO assessed the integrated cold chain and market demand for frozen potato products in the Central American CAFTA countries of Costa Rica, Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras. WFLO made policy and non-policy recommendations for increasing the cold chain and improving trade of temperature-controlled products between the U.S. and CAFTA countries.

Dominican Republic

Exporting Quality & Safety Program (EQS), 2016 – 2020

Partnered with International Executive Service Corps

WFLO supported the IESC on the USDA-funded Exporting Quality and Safety Program (EQS). The program provided technical assistance to increase productivity and sales for domestic and export markets of high-value fruit and vegetable global value chains in the Dominican Republic. In addition to conducting a cold chain assessment, WFLO provided technical assistance to companies, recruited speakers for events, trained on transport best practices, and facilitated cold chain study tours.

Cold Chain Assessment, Rural Economic Diversification Project, 2009

Partnered with Abt Associates Inc.

Cold chain experts compiled a detailed analysis of the industry in the Dominican Republic and identified where the cold chain needs to be improved for perishable products. This report detailed what steps need to be taken by the Agribusiness Project and Dominican Republic cold chain industry representatives. Ultimately the technical experts compiled a report of critical findings, made recommendations, and offered justification for technical assistance follow up.

East Timor

Cold Chain Assessment, 2017

Partnered with Cardno

GCCA’s Richard Tracy traveled to East Timor in December 2016 to explore new project opportunities. After meeting with a USAID funded agriculture project based in the capital of Dili, Richard made recommendations to reduce postharvest losses and strengthen the nascent cold chain. Based on his input, WFLO was selected to complete the assessment and sent a team consisting of a refrigeration engineer and a fresh fruits and vegetable expert to East Timor in March 2017. This assessment supported the Avansa Agrikultura project, which was implemented by a new partner to GCCA, Cardno. The project aimed to reduce high postharvest loss rates experienced in the area which had resulted in economic, nutrition and environmental losses.

Egypt

Market Assessment of Third Party and Temperature-Controlled Logistics services in Egypt, 2021 – Present

Partnered with LixCap

In partnership with GCCA member LixCap, WFLO is carrying out a market assessment for cold chain logistics services in Egypt. They will offer a market overview of the sector, perform supply and demand analyses, and develop strategic recommendations for improving cold chain in the country. Ultimately, this assessment will offer investment strategies to the donor to further develop the Egyptian cold chain.

Egypt Rural Agribusiness Strengthening Project, 2019 – Present

Partnered with Abt Associates Inc.

The Feed the Future Egypt Rural Agribusiness Strengthening (ERAS) Project employs a buyer-led, systems-strengthening approach to improve the competitiveness of horticulture producers and related downstream businesses and food processors by developing their abilities to respond to domestic and international buyer demand. WFLO contributes to innovative initiatives that address cold chain and postharvest gaps within the broader market system and supports the development of a Cold Chain Center of Excellence (CCCOE) program. WFLO also helps organize periodic Cold Chain Expos and B2B programs, provides capacity building, and resolves challenges in the cold chain area.

Egypt Food Security and Agribusiness Support (FAS), 2016 – 2020

Partnered with Cultivating New Frontiers in Agriculture

In 2015, WFLO began a new partnership with CNFA to support a new Food-Security and Agribusiness Support (FAS) program in Egypt. This project has made horticulture farmers in Upper Egypt more profitable. WFLO has worked within the horticulture value chain, identifying opportunities to improve infrastructure, and providing technical experts for an assessment, technical assistance, and training.

Organization of Islamic Cooperation/COMCEC Postharvest Loss Study, 2015 – 2016

Partnered with Postharvest Education Foundation

In 2015-2016, WFLO worked with The Postharvest Education Foundation (PEF), founded by GCCA’s Senior Technical Advisor, Dr. Lisa Kitinoja, to research and write a study on the food losses incurred on-farm in the 57 member countries. Funded by the COMCEC Office of the OIC, this project assessed on-farm losses to provide recommendations to reduce such losses. Through an extensive literature review, survey, and case studies completed on specific crops in Uganda, Nigeria, Benin, Egypt, Turkey, and Indonesia, the study identified seven recommendations for consideration. The recommendations were intended to be practical, applicable, concrete, open to collaborative efforts and capable of being implemented on a small, medium, or large scale to match currently available resources.

MENA Cold Chain Infrastructure Orientation Visit, 2009

Partnered with The Peoples Group LTD

WFLO supported an Orientation Visit to the United States for 12 Middle East and North Africa (MENA) business and government representatives, 3 each from Jordan, Iraq, Morocco, and Egypt. The OV focused on introducing the delegates to cold chain technology available in the United States. The cornerstone of the OV was the GCCA Annual Convention and Expo held from March 28 to April 2, 2009 in Palm Springs, California.

Identification of Appropriate Postharvest Technologies for Improving Market Access and Incomes for Small Horticultural Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, 2009

Partnered with UC Davis Postharvest Research and Information Center

Beginning in February 2009, WFLO led a one-year project to assess the state of postharvest losses and quality problems in developing countries, funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The goals of the project were to develop a set of recommendations for guiding future projects and to assist the Foundation in planning their overall horticultural strategy. Project partners included UC Davis (California, USA), Amity University (India), ISAR and KIST (Rwanda), CSIR, KNUST and PolyTechnics (Ghana) and IITA–Benin. During April – September 2009, an international team of scientists and value chain experts involved with the WFLO Appropriate Postharvest Technology project embarked upon a series of field trips to Egypt, Rwanda, Benin, Kenya, Ghana, Indonesia, and India.

Cochran Cold Chain Management and Products Processing Training, 2007

The Cochran Fellowship Program provides short-term training opportunities to agricultural professionals from middle-income countries, emerging markets, and emerging democracies. The goals are to help eligible countries develop agricultural systems necessary to meet the food and fiber needs of their domestic populations and to strengthen and enhance trade linkages between eligible countries and agricultural interests in the United States. In 2007, WFLO offered cold chain management and products processing training to Cochran Fellows from Egypt.

Cold Chain System Feasibility Study, 2006

Partnered with Winrock International

The Horticultural Export Improvement Association (HEIA), under USAID auspices, completed a cold storage facility at Cairo Airport, which began operation in 2003. Because of the lack of a cold chain system in Southern Egypt and cold storage facilities at Luxor Airport, regionally produced agricultural commodities were losing the competitive edge of quality and price, impeding national policies on poverty reduction and export improvement programs for Southern Egypt. WFLO performed a feasibility study that designed and evaluated the technical, economic, and financial viability of a cold chain system to enhance the export value of agricultural commodities from Egypt to European and Middle Eastern markets.

El Salvador

Cochran Cold Chain Management and Products Processing Training, 2007

The Cochran Fellowship Program provides short-term training opportunities to agricultural professionals from middle-income countries, emerging markets, and emerging democracies. The goals are to help eligible countries develop agricultural systems necessary to meet the food and fiber needs of their domestic populations and to strengthen and enhance trade linkages between eligible countries and agricultural interests in the United States. In 2007, WFLO offered cold chain management and products processing training to Cochran Fellows from Chile, Colombia, El Salvador, and Uruguay.

Needs Assessment, 2004 – 2006

Partnered with the U.S. Meat Export Federation (USMEF)

From 2004 to 2006, WFLO partnered with the United States Meat Export Federation (USMEF) and the United States Poultry and Egg Export Council (USPEEC) on a project funded by the USDA as a Global Based Initiative. Culminating in a Needs Assessment published in 2006, the project examined the integrated cold chain sectors of storage/distribution, processing, retail sales, and food service in Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala, Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Costa Rica.

Cold Chain Infrastructure Assessment for Potato Industry in Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) Countries, 2006

Partnered with Washington, Oregon and Idaho Potatoes Commissions

In collaboration with Washington, Oregon, and Idaho Potato Commissions, WFLO assessed the integrated cold chain and market demand for frozen potato products in the Central American CAFTA countries of Costa Rica, Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras. WFLO made policy and non-policy recommendations for increasing the cold chain and improving trade of temperature-controlled products between the U.S. and CAFTA countries.

Equador

Emerging Markets Program: Cold Chain Assessment, Training and Advisory Services for Bolivia, Ecuador, and Peru, 2014-2015

The USDA’s Emerging Markets Programs looks to support emerging economies with their ability to receive US exports. In 2014, WFLO completed an assessment comparing the cold chain networks of these countries and followed up with cold chain training in Colombia.

Eswatini

Supply Chain and Logistics Development for Facilitating Intra-Regional Trade in SADC, 2007

Partnered with International Trade Centre United Nations Conference on Trade and Development/World Trade Organization (International Trade Commission)

WFLO reviewed and provided recommendations on how to best facilitate intra-regional trade of food commodities in Southern Africa. WFLO developed an action plan and a project proposal for improving the supply and logistics chains and increasing the participation of small-scale businesses in fresh food supply chains along the several development corridors in seven selected countries that are members of the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC). The targeted countries were South Africa, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Lesotho, Eswatini (Swaziland), and Zimbabwe. The primary focus of the review was on food exports from the targeted countries into the SADC region, with special emphasis on trade with South Africa. Food exports included fresh fruit and vegetables and processed foods.

Ethiopia

Feasibility Study on Cold Chain Capacity in Ethiopia, 2020

Partnered with LixCap

WFLO was contracted by ARCH Cold Chain Solutions East Africa Fund to perform a feasibility study on cold chain capacity in Ethiopia. In partnering with LixCap, WFLO was able to assess the market potential for TCL services and provide information to support the early-stage feasibility of the project. This assessment directly informed the design of a TCL facility to ensure it will provide locally appropriate solutions for long-term commercial viability, as well as job creation and other positive social and economic impacts. With the completion of the study, ARCH has a roadmap to attract and catalyze commercially viable and sustainable TCL operations in Ethiopia.

TOPS Evaluation of HORT CRSP, 2014 – 2015

Partnered with Save the Children

From 2010-2015, the World Food Logistics Organization (WFLO) worked with the University of California, Davis and The World Vegetable Center (AVRDC) on a USAID-funded pilot project to establish a Postharvest Training and Services Center (PTSC) in Arusha, Tanzania. The objective of this grant was to evaluate the efficacy of the Postharvest Technology Center (PTSC) that WFLO helped to launch in October 2012 under the USAID-funded Horticultural Collaborative Research Project. In addition, WFLO experts evaluated overall postharvest extension service activities that took place under HORT CRSP and conduct additional training for past beneficiaries on postharvest best practices and technology adoption/utilization. 

Cold Chain Technologies: Meat Processing, Packaging & Transportation Project, 2007

Partnered with Norman E. Borlaug Institute for International Agriculture at Texas A&M University and Texas Agricultural Experiment Station (TAES)

In 2006, WFLO evaluated the cold chain operational capacity and assessed cold chain technology in Ethiopia. In partnership with Norman E. Borlaug Institute for International Agriculture at Texas A&M University and the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station (TAES), WFLO evaluated training needs and provided general recommendations for improving cold chain techniques and technologies.

Fiji

Agri-Logistics Deep Dive in Fiji, 2021 – Present

Partnered with LixCap and Talanoa Consulting

With partners LixCap and Talanoa Consulting, WFLO is exploring opportunities for private sector participation in the agri-logistics sector in Fiji and identifying the obstacles to the growth of this market. The deep dive covers all relevant parts of the agri-logistics sector that support movement and distribution of agriculture products from farm to markets. Specifically, the team is analyzing the cold chain and emerging trends, such as sustainable logistics solutions, in Fiji.

Georgia

Georgia Agriculture Project, 2018 – Present

Partnered with Cultivating New Frontiers in Agriculture

WFLO has partnered with Cultivating New Frontiers in Agriculture (CNFA) to support the USAID Agriculture Program in selecting appropriate cold chain technologies for a given product, enterprise, and operating environment. Generator-operated or solar mobile pre-coolers, which bring the cold chain to the harvest site, can dramatically reduce post-harvest losses and improve quality and are particularly valuable in the context of Georgia’s mountainous terrain and its fragmented production parcels. WFLO will support a market study, investment awareness seminars, and association development, which is critical for sustainability.

Restoring Efficiency to Agricultural Production (REAP), 2013 – 2018

Partnered with Cultivating New Frontiers in Agriculture

Since 2014, WFLO has worked with CNFA to develop and support cold storage businesses in Georgia on the Restoring Efficiency to Agricultural Production (REAP) project. Beginning with a postharvest and cold chain assessment that was conducted at the start of the project, WFLO continues to advise the REAP project on specific cold chain interventions to support the private sector.

Ghana

Evaluating Small Scale Postharvest Cooling and Drying Technologies in Various Climates, 2014

Partnered with UC Davis

In 2014, WFLO partnered with the University of California Davis to complete 8 cold storage studies in Tanzania, Ghana, Honduras, Guatemala, and Thailand in collaboration with Horticulture Innovation Lab affiliated professionals in Africa, Southeast Asia, and South America to determine the performance efficiency of the Zero Energy Cool Chamber (ZECC) compared to ambient air storage under a variety of combinations of high/low temperatures and high/low relative humidity conditions. The project also conducted solar drying studies in 8 sites to determine the performance efficiency of the UCD chimney dryer compared to the traditional indirect solar cabinet dryer.

West Africa Extended Agribusiness and Trade Promotion, 2009 – 2012

Partnered with Abt Associates Inc.

WFLO assisted in identifying and mitigating the constraints to intra-regional trade within the poultry value chain.  In addition, WFLO worked with regional partners to develop and implement on-the-ground solutions to these challenges through the completion of a value chain analysis and action plan. WFLO also developed specific strategies to reduce marketing and transport costs within the poultry value chain with an emphasis on upgrading shipping practices and improving transport/operational efficiency. WFLO provided assistance to build the capacity of apex organizations to implement the poultry value chain action plan.

Identification of Appropriate Postharvest Technologies for Improving Market Access and Incomes for Small Horticultural Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, 2009

Partnered with UC Davis Postharvest Research and Information Center

Beginning in February 2009, WFLO led a one-year project to assess the state of postharvest losses and quality problems in developing countries, funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The goals of the project were to develop a set of recommendations for guiding future projects and to assist the Foundation in planning their overall horticultural strategy. Project partners included UC Davis (California, USA), Amity University (India), ISAR and KIST (Rwanda), CSIR, KNUST and PolyTechnics (Ghana) and IITA–Benin. During April – September 2009, an international team of scientists and value chain experts involved with the WFLO Appropriate Postharvest Technology project embarked upon a series of field trips to Egypt, Rwanda, Benin, Kenya, Ghana, Indonesia, and India.

Millennium Challenge Corporation Ghana, 2008

Partnered with Texas Agrilife Research, TAMU

WFLO developed Model Terms of Reference for procurement of postharvest equipment. These goods included field packhouses, small-scale postharvest packing lines for new and existing packhouses, a temperature-controlled holding area at the Kotoka International Airport (KIA) and a fresh produce packhouse near the Airport.

Guatemala

Evaluating Small Scale Postharvest Cooling and Drying Technologies in Various Climates, 2014

Partnered with UC Davis

In 2014, WFLO partnered with the University of California Davis to complete 8 cold storage studies in Tanzania, Ghana, Honduras, Guatemala, and Thailand in collaboration with Horticulture Innovation Lab affiliated professionals in Africa, Southeast Asia, and South America to determine the performance efficiency of the Zero Energy Cool Chamber (ZECC) compared to ambient air storage under a variety of combinations of high/low temperatures and high/low relative humidity conditions. The project also conducted solar drying studies in 8 sites to determine the performance efficiency of the UCD chimney dryer compared to the traditional indirect solar cabinet dryer.

Needs Assessment, 2004 – 2006

Partnered with the U.S. Meat Export Federation (USMEF)

From 2004 to 2006, GCCA partnered with the United States Meat Export Federation (USMEF) and the United States Poultry and Egg Export Council (USPEEC) on a project funded by the USDA as a Global Based Initiative. Culminating in a Needs Assessment published in 2006, the project examined the integrated cold chain sectors of storage/distribution, processing, retail sales, and food service in Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala, Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Costa Rica.

Cold Chain Infrastructure Assessment for Potato Industry in Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) Countries, 2006

Partnered with Washington, Oregon, and Idaho Potatoes Commissions

In collaboration with Washington, Oregon, and Idaho Potato Commissions, WFLO assessed the integrated cold chain and market demand for frozen potato products in the Central American CAFTA countries of Costa Rica, Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras. WFLO made policy and non-policy recommendations for increasing the cold chain and improving trade of temperature-controlled products between the U.S. and CAFTA countries.

Mexico and Central America Technical Training Assistance Project, 2005 – 2006

Partnered with U.S. Meat Export Federation (USMEF) and USA Poultry & Egg Export Council, Inc (USAPEEC)

With funding from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, WFLO supported the U.S. Meat Export Federation and U.S.A. Poultry and Egg Export Council with a Technical Training Assistance program. In Mexico and Guatemala, WFLO performed site visits and proposed short- and long-term recommendations for improving warehouse operations. WFLO prepared a final report, which was shared with partners, donors, and associated businesses.

Partnerships for Food Industry Development, Guatemala, 2004

Partnered with Michigan State University

WFLO supported Partners for Food Industry Development (PFID) Fruits & Vegetable Experts at Michigan State University with short-term assistance for several small-scale cold chain development projects in Guatemala. WFLO assessed the cold chain situation, offered trainings, and developed recommendations for strengthening the cold chain sector.

Guinea

Strengthening Agricultural Value Chains and Youth (SAVY), 2017

Partnered with Cultivating New Frontiers in Agriculture

WFLO has partnered with Cultivating New Frontiers in Agriculture (CNFA) on the Strengthening Agriculture Value Chains and Youth (SAVY) project to complete a rapid assessment of cold chain infrastructure for horticulture and livestock products in Guinea. A team of five GCCA experts deployed to Guinea to perform a rapid analysis and mapping exercise of the current warehouse structures, formal abattoirs, and cold chain industry in four regions in Guinea. Several recommendations were made as a result of this project with regards to livestock handling, postharvest practices, processing, cold storage, and warehousing, as well as transportation.

Honduras

Evaluating Small Scale Postharvest Cooling and Drying Technologies in Various Climates, 2014

Partnered with UC Davis

In 2014, WFLO partnered with the University of California Davis to complete 8 cold storage studies in Tanzania, Ghana, Honduras, Guatemala, and Thailand in collaboration with Horticulture Innovation Lab affiliated professionals in Africa, Southeast Asia, and South America to determine the performance efficiency of the Zero Energy Cool Chamber (ZECC) compared to ambient air storage under a variety of combinations of high/low temperatures and high/low relative humidity conditions. The project also conducted solar drying studies in 8 sites to determine the performance efficiency of the UCD chimney dryer compared to the traditional indirect solar cabinet dryer.

Needs Assessment, 2004 – 2006

Partnered with the U.S. Meat Export Federation (USMEF)

From 2004 to 2006, WFLO partnered with the United States Meat Export Federation (USMEF) and the United States Poultry and Egg Export Council (USPEEC) on a project funded by the USDA as a Global Based Initiative. Culminating in a Needs Assessment published in 2006, the project examined the integrated cold chain sectors of storage/distribution, processing, retail sales, and food service in Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala, Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Costa Rica.

Cold Chain Infrastructure Assessment for Potato Industry in Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) Countries, 2006

Partnered with Washington, Oregon, and Idaho Potatoes Commissions

In collaboration with Washington, Oregon, and Idaho Potato Commissions, WFLO assessed the integrated cold chain and market demand for frozen potato products in the Central American CAFTA countries of Costa Rica, Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras. WFLO made policy and non-policy recommendations for increasing the cold chain and improving trade of temperature-controlled products between the U.S. and CAFTA countries.

India

MAGNET Project – Postharvest Study, 2019 – 2020

WFLO supported the Asian Development Bank’s (ADB) MAGNET Project by performing a postharvest study in India. WFLO consultants performed a diagnostic and offered recommendations to the ADB for investments in infrastructure, capacity building, and research to decrease food loss and waste.

Emerging Markets Program, 2018

In 2017, Washington Apples noted that a lack of cold chain capacity in India was a limiting factor for US exports. As a result, WFLO launched a new USDA EMP program in India to locate ways that we and our GCCA India office can work together to strengthen the cold chain. Specific project activities included an assessment completed in 2018, validation exercises, resource development, and training. WFLO is now exploring how sustainable long-term training can be implemented in India.

India Reverse Trade Mission, 2011

Partnered with The Peoples Group LTD

The U.S. Trade and Development Agency (USTDA) funded a two-week trade mission to the United States to provide senior private sector executives and public sector officials related to the Indian cold chain industry an opportunity to connect with U.S. cold chain suppliers and equipment manufacturers, as well as high-level executives from some of the world’s largest public refrigerated warehousing companies.  The visit was scheduled to take place in May 2011 at the IARW Convention. 

Identification of Appropriate Postharvest Technologies for Improving Market Access and Incomes for Small Horticultural Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, 2009

Partnered with UC Davis Postharvest Research and Information Center

Beginning in February 2009, WFLO led a one-year project to assess the state of postharvest losses and quality problems in developing countries, funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The goals of the project were to develop a set of recommendations for guiding future projects and to assist the Foundation in planning their overall horticultural strategy. Project partners included UC Davis (California, USA), Amity University (India), ISAR and KIST (Rwanda), CSIR, KNUST and PolyTechnics (Ghana) and IITA–Benin. During April – September 2009, an international team of scientists and value chain experts involved with the WFLO Appropriate Postharvest Technology project embarked upon a series of field trips to Egypt, Rwanda, Benin, Kenya, Ghana, Indonesia, and India.

India USDA AKI (Agricultural Knowledge Institute), 2008 – 2009

WFLO held a Cold Store Operations Short Course in New Delhi in April 2009. The event was sponsored by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Topics covered included Cold Store Operations, Thermal Insulation & Energy Management in the Cold Chain, Protocols for Handling Export/Import Perishables in India, Emergency Preparedness and Risk Management Training, and Temperature Monitoring and Documentation.

USTDA-India Cold Chain Training Program, 2007 – 2008

Partnered with The Peoples Group LTD

WFLO with The Peoples Group, Ltd (TPG) offered a two-week U.S. Study Tour and four India Workshops under the USTDA India Cold Chain Training Program. The study tour included visits to cold chain operations near Tempe, Arizona, Long Beach, California, and Las Vegas, Nevada, with stops in between at a number of locations, including Nogales, Arizona, and Bakersfield, California. Workshops in India were held in Chennai, Mumbai, New Delhi, and Kolkata.

USTDA Institute of Food Technologists South Asia Agro Food Processing, 2009

Partnered with The Peoples Group LTD

This orientation visit (OV) introduced Indian, Sri Lankan, and Pakistani delegates, including policymakers and businesspeople, to U.S. technology, equipment, services, and best practices that are being employed in the agro/food processing sector. The delegates met with U.S. private and public sector entities active in this arena and attended the Institute of Food Technologists Annual Food Expo in Anaheim, CA, in June 2009. This OV focused on the Indian subcontinent’s growing food processing sector. This sector was identified as a priority growth area in India and other countries in this critical region to address food safety and security goals, to increase market outlets for farm produce, and to serve marketplace demands.

Indonesia

Southeast Asia Emerging Markets Program, 2016 – 2017

Through the United States Departure of Agriculture’s (USDA) Foreign Agricultural Service’s (FAS) Emerging Markets Program (EMP), WFLO was granted funds to examine and strengthen the cold chain in the Philippines and Indonesia. The project established a baseline assessment in 2016, which was followed with a study tour and focus group discussions on cold chain in the region. WFLO is identifying the feasibility of establishing long-term training in the region.

Organization of Islamic Cooperation/COMCEC Postharvest Loss Study, 2015 – 2016

Partnered with Postharvest Education Foundation

In 2015-2016, we worked with The Postharvest Education Foundation (PEF), founded by GCCA’s Senior Technical Advisor, Dr. Lisa Kitinoja, to research and write a study on the food losses incurred on-farm in the 57 member countries. Funded by the COMCEC Office of the OIC, this project assessed on-farm losses to provide recommendations to reduce such losses. Through an extensive literature review, survey, and case studies completed on specific crops in Uganda, Nigeria, Benin, Egypt, Turkey, and Indonesia, the study identified seven recommendations for consideration. The recommendations were intended to be practical, applicable, concrete, open to collaborative efforts and capable of being implemented on a small, medium, or large scale to match currently available resources.

AMARTA II, 2012

Partnered with ACDI/VOCA

WFLO facilized a seminar on postharvest strategies and practices, followed by a presentation delivered to the World Bank in Indonesia on postharvest handling best practices and strategies for reducing food loss and waste.

Identification of Appropriate Postharvest Technologies for Improving Market Access and Incomes for Small Horticultural Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, 2009

Partnered with UC Davis Postharvest Research and Information Center

Beginning in February 2009, WFLO led a one-year project to assess the state of postharvest losses and quality problems in developing countries, funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The goals of the project were to develop a set of recommendations for guiding future projects and to assist the Foundation in planning their overall horticultural strategy. Project partners included UC Davis (California, USA), Amity University (India), ISAR and KIST (Rwanda), CSIR, KNUST and PolyTechnics (Ghana) and IITA–Benin. During April – September 2009, an international team of scientists and value chain experts involved with the WFLO Appropriate Postharvest Technology project embarked upon a series of field trips to Egypt, Rwanda, Benin, Kenya, Ghana, Indonesia, and India.

Iraq

MENA Cold Chain Infrastructure Orientation Visit, 2009

Partnered with The Peoples Group LTD

WFLO supported an Orientation Visit to the United States for 12 Middle East and North Africa (MENA) business and government representatives, 3 each from Jordan, Iraq, Morocco, and Egypt. The OV focused on introducing the delegates to cold chain technology available in the United States. The cornerstone of the OV was the GCCA Annual Convention and Expo held from March 28 to April 2, 2009 in Palm Springs, California.

Jordan

MENA Cold Chain Infrastructure Orientation Visit, 2009

Partnered with The Peoples Group LTD

WFLO supported an Orientation Visit to the United States for 12 Middle East and North Africa (MENA) business and government representatives, 3 each from Jordan, Iraq, Morocco, and Egypt. The OV focused on introducing the delegates to cold chain technology available in the United States. The cornerstone of the OV was the GCCA Annual Convention and Expo held from March 28 to April 2, 2009 in Palm Springs, California.

Kazakhstan

Competitiveness, Trade and Jobs (CTJ) Cold Chain Activities, 2018 – Present

Partnered with DAI

WFLO was originally hired in 2017 to assess gaps in cold chain sustainability in the region. The assessment provided recommendations and outlined specific actions to grow the industry throughout the region, and subsequently led to a second contract to implement some of the recommendations, particularly those on providing training and education. Initially planned as in-country training and site visits, the project was forced to move to remote training due to travel and safety restrictions from Covid-19. By lending time and expertise, several GCCA members have made it possible for WFLO to offer virtual short courses on cold store operations.

Kazakhstan Advisory Group, 2018

Nearly 40 company representatives participated in the “Kazakhstan Cold Chain Development Roundtable” that took place in November 2018. This event was sponsored by European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and supported the USAID Competitive Trade and Jobs (CTJ) project. During the meeting, attendees discussed the impediments to growth and profitability of the cold chain in Kazakhstan as well as explored how to develop a cross‐network alliance to overcome the impediments and maximize profits.

CTJ Consultations, 2018

Partnered with DAI

GCCA members traveled to Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan in June 2018 to determine priority needs and appropriate tactics and entry points for developing cold chain service delivery in Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan, and to co-develop with the project a bespoke strategy to facilitate the development of the cold chain in Central Asia with practical steps and trainings.

CTJ Assessment, 2017

Partnered with DAI

WFLO has supported the USAID Central Asia Competitiveness, Trade and Jobs (CTJ) project, which works in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. WFLO was hired in 2017 to assess gaps in cold chain sustainability in the region. The assessment provided recommendations and outlined specific actions to grow the industry throughout the region.

Kenya

Kenya Market Study, 2018

Partnered with LixCap

In February 2018, WFLO was awarded a contract to conduct a market study for temperature-controlled logistics in the East African country of Kenya. Completed with partnership with GCCA member, LixCap, this market study determined the existing and future demand for cold chain across horticulture, supermarkets, dairy, meats, quick service restaurants, seafoods, pharmaceuticals and others. Examining key constraints and growth drivers, the team recommended strategies for establishing services for temperature-controlled logistics in Kenya.

Kenya Rapid Assessment, 2016

Partnered with the US Department of Commerce

Cold chain development in East Africa was first prioritized by the business community under the U.S. – East African Community (EAC) Commercial Dialogue. In February 2015, U.S. Department of Commerce Deputy Secretary Andrews and the EAC member governments agreed to launch the Cold Chain Assessment Initiative in East Africa. The President’s Advisory Council on Doing Business in Africa (PAC-DBIA) subsequently prioritized cold chain development in its April 2015 Recommendation Report. Within this context, Kenya was identified as the country with high potential, based on current infrastructure and market size. As a result, WFLO, in collaboration with the Department of Commerce, undertook a rapid assessment of the cold chain infrastructure in Kenya during the August-September 2015 timeframe, which was then presented at a Commerce event held in Nairobi the following month.

Identification of Appropriate Postharvest Technologies for Improving Market Access and Incomes for Small Horticultural Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, 2009

Partnered with UC Davis Postharvest Research and Information Center

Beginning in February 2009, WFLO led a one-year project to assess the state of postharvest losses and quality problems in developing countries, funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The goals of the project were to develop a set of recommendations for guiding future projects and to assist the Foundation in planning their overall horticultural strategy. Project partners included UC Davis (California, USA), Amity University (India), ISAR and KIST (Rwanda), CSIR, KNUST and PolyTechnics (Ghana) and IITA–Benin. During April – September 2009, an international team of scientists and value chain experts involved with the WFLO Appropriate Postharvest Technology project embarked upon a series of field trips to Egypt, Rwanda, Benin, Kenya, Ghana, Indonesia, and India.

Kosovo

Kosovo Cluster and Business Support, 2008

Partnered with Chemonics International Inc.

WFLO enhanced the efficiency and effectiveness of existing refrigeration facilities, proposed new cost-efficient equipment when necessary and provided designs for improvements in product flow to reduce as many postharvest bottle necks as possible. Training and workshop materials were provided by WFLO for future training to be carried out. WFLO also provided a final report and assessment to USAID on its findings of postharvest refrigeration practices in Kosovo.

Kyrgyzstan

Competitiveness, Trade and Jobs (CTJ) Cold Chain Activities, 2018 – Present

Partnered with DAI

WFLO was originally hired in 2017 to assess gaps in cold chain sustainability in the region. The assessment provided recommendations and outlined specific actions to grow the industry throughout the region, and subsequently led to a second contract to implement some of the recommendations, particularly those on providing training and education. Initially planned as in-country training and site visits, the project was forced to move to remote training due to travel and safety restrictions from Covid-19. By lending time and expertise, several GCCA members have made it possible for us to offer virtual short courses on cold store operations.

CTJ Kazakhstan & Kyrgyzstan, 2018

Partnered with DAI

GCCA members traveled to Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan in June 2018 to determine priority needs and appropriate tactics and entry points for developing cold chain service delivery in Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan, and to co-develop with the project a bespoke strategy to facilitate the development of the cold chain in Central Asia with practical steps and trainings.

CTJ Assessment, 2017

Partnered with DAI

WFLO has supported the USAID Central Asia Competitiveness, Trade and Jobs (CTJ) project, which works in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. WFLO was hired in 2017 to assess gaps in cold chain sustainability in the region. The assessment provided recommendations and outlined specific actions to grow the industry throughout the region.

Kyrgyzstan Local Development Project, 2012

Partnered with Chemonics International Inc.

In 2012, WFLO sent a cold storage engineer to Kyrgyzstan to conduct site visits for 8 cold storage facilities working with a USAID-funded Local Development Project (LDP). He assessed the engineering technologies used; facility designs, layout, handling methods and product flow; inventory control practices; main markets, competition, distribution and marketing channels, demand and supply capacities, price formation, trading margins, and costs associated with operating each facility; refrigerated transport issues; and strategic constraints and bottlenecks, opportunities and threats pertaining under existing market conditions; and supply chains requiring cold storage space.

Lesotho

Supply Chain and Logistics Development for Facilitating Intra-Regional Trade in SADC, 2007

Partnered with International Trade Centre United Nations Conference on Trade and Development/World Trade Organization (International Trade Commission)

WFLO reviewed and provided recommendations on how to best facilitate intra-regional trade of food commodities in Southern Africa. WFLO developed an action plan and a project proposal for improving the supply and logistics chains and increasing the participation of small-scale businesses in fresh food supply chains along the several development corridors in seven selected countries that are members of the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC). The targeted countries were South Africa, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe. The primary focus of the review was on food exports from the targeted countries into the SADC region, with special emphasis on trade with South Africa. Food exports included fresh fruit and vegetables and processed foods.

Liberia

CARI Feasibility Study, 2017

Partnered with Cultivating New Frontiers in Agriculture

A few months after the initial assessment, a team of cold chain experts trained local organization Central Agriculture Research Institute of Liberia (CARI) on appropriate post-harvest handling practices for assorted crop varieties, how to conduct post-harvest loss assessments, and how to build the overall capacity of CARI. This training enabled Liberians to share and teach others on proper postharvest handling techniques, laying the groundwork for a strengthened cold chain that begins on the farm.

Liberia Postharvest Assistance, 2016

Partnered with Cultivating New Frontiers in Agriculture

WFLO completed a cold chain assessment for Liberia Agribusiness Development Activity (LADA) to assess the current cold chain systems and infrastructure, domestic commercial environment for perishable products, and potential for human capital development and training.

LADA Cold Chain Assessment, 2016

Partnered with Cultivating New Frontiers in Agriculture

In April 2016, GCCA conducted a cold chain assessment for USAID’s new Liberia Agribusiness Development Activity (LADA) in partnership with CNFA. LADA works to increase agricultural incomes of smallholder farms through increased private sector investment. The assessment included recommended project interventions for cold chain development.

Malawi

Partnerships for Food Industry Development, Southern Africa, 2004 – 2009

Partnered with Louisiana State University

WFLO supported the PFID project in Southern Africa through trainings and association capacity building activities. This provided a market services support program, which improved market access, market linkages, and the region’s cold chain services. Countries reviewed in this project were Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia, and Namibia.

Supply Chain and Logistics Development for Facilitating Intra-Regional Trade in SADC, 2007

Partnered with International Trade Centre United Nations Conference on Trade and Development/World Trade Organization (International Trade Commission)

WFLO reviewed and provided recommendations on how to best facilitate intra-regional trade of food commodities in Southern Africa. WFLO developed an action plan and a project proposal for improving the supply and logistics chains and increasing the participation of small-scale businesses in fresh food supply chains along the several development corridors in seven selected countries that are members of the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC). The targeted countries were South Africa, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe. The primary focus of the review was on food exports from the targeted countries into the SADC region, with special emphasis on trade with South Africa. Food exports included fresh fruit and vegetables and processed foods.

Mexico

Needs Assessment, 2004 – 2006

Partnered with U.S. Meat Export Federation (USMEF)

From 2004 to 2006, GCCA partnered with the United States Meat Export Federation (USMEF) and the United States Poultry and Egg Export Council (USPEEC) on a project funded by the USDA as a Global Based Initiative. Culminating in a Needs Assessment published in 2006, the project examined the integrated cold chain sectors of storage/distribution, processing, retail sales, and food service in Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala, Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Costa Rica.

Border Verification Study, 2006

Partnered with U.S. Meat Export Federation (USMEF)

WFLO completed a Border Verification Summary Report that included information on border crossing issues, shippers, inspectors, cold storage facilities, problems & proposed solutions, importers, distributors, and shippers. The intent was to conduct a research analysis of up to perishable product movement from Laredo, TX, to Nuevo Laredo, Mexico; to photo document any apparent temperature abuse and handling abuse issues associated with trans-loading of U.S. products at the border crossing; and to work in harmony with U.S. suppliers to track perishable product movement in trans-loaded containers at the Laredo/Nuevo Laredo border crossing.

Mexico and Central America Technical Training Assistance Project, 2005 – 2006

Partnered with U.S. Meat Export Federation (USMEF) and USA Poultry & Egg Export Council, Inc (USAPEEC)

With funding from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, WFLO supported the U.S. Meat Export Federation and U.S.A. Poultry and Egg Export Council with a Technical Training Assistance program. In Mexico and Guatemala, WFLO performed site visits and proposed short- and long-term recommendations for improving warehouse operations. WFLO prepared a final report, which was shared with partners, donors, and associated businesses.

Moldova

Agriculture Competitiveness and Enterprise Development (ACED), 2011 – 2014

Partnered with DAI

WFLO partnered with DAI on the USAID Moldova Agriculture Competitiveness and Enterprise Development (ACED) project. This project aimed to develop and expand markets for Moldovan high-value agriculture and to provide training to upgrade production and the ability to meet buyer requirements as well as to foster the development of competitive enterprises in the Transnistrian region of Moldova. To help the project better understand the country’s cold chain needs, WFLO assessed the current state of cold chain construction and management in Moldova’s fresh produce sector. Based on these results, we recommended specific activities to increase the operational efficiency of existing cold store facilities and advise the design and development of new facilities to service producers of a wide range of fresh produce.

Cold Storage Education Program, 2005 – 2010

Partnered with Citizens Network for Foreign Affairs (CNFA)

WFLO assisted the Citizens Network for Foreign Affairs (CNFA) with the development, coordination, and launch of a series of targeted regional cold chain seminars to enhance the awareness and appreciation of the need for an integrated cold chain within the fruit and vegetable industry. Parallel with organizing seminar activities, WFLO developed a set of resource materials for training and education.

Vegetable Packinghouse Design Project for Moldova, 2004 – 2008

Partnered with Citizens Network for Foreign Affairs (CNFA)

WFLO sent a team of four consultants to Moldova to tour existing packinghouse facilities with adjacent cold storage operations, review market data, and investigate financing opportunities for a vegetable packinghouse facility. The team formulated a functional business plan for renovating an existing facility, as well as for constructing a greenfield.

Partnerships for Food Industry Development, 2000 – 2005

Partnered with Louisiana State University

WFLO supported the PFID project through trainings and association capacity building activities. This provided a market services support program, which improved market access, market linkages, and the region’s cold chain services. Countries reviewed in this project were Moldova and Ukraine.

Morocco

Morocco Economic Competitiveness, 2012

Partnered with DAI

In 2012, WFLO worked with Development Alternatives, Inc. (DAI) on the USAID-funded Morocco Economic Competitiveness (MEC) project by hosting activities to identify and promote potential cold chain investment opportunities in Morocco. Specific activities included a webinar introduction, Business-to-Business (B2B) matchmaking, and advisory services. The webinar was led by GCCA with featured speaker, Matthew Meredith of Lixia Capsia (LixCap), who presented several investment opportunities in Morocco. Approximately 2 months later, LixCap established Atlas Cold Port on November 28, 2012 as the entity to develop a food logistics platform at the Port of Tanger Med. The webinar included the participation of GCCA member Friopuerto, a cold storage operator in Valencia, Spain.  Principals of LixCap met with Mr. Manuel Cabrera-Kabana Sartorius of Friopuerto Invest SL and subsequently began a business partnership to develop jointly the Tanger Med Project with local investors Yacout Investissement. Since this time, Atlas Cold Port has been rebranded as Friopuerto Tanger. With a total investment commitment into Morocco of USD 15 million, the first phase of the facility opened in February 2016 to create a “fresh hub” at the Port of Tanger Med. This hub includes cold and fresh storage, packaging, processing, and handling service.

MENA Cold Chain Infrastructure Orientation Visit, 2009

Partnered with The Peoples Group LTD

WFLO supported an Orientation Visit to the United States for 12 Middle East and North Africa (MENA) business and government representatives, 3 each from Jordan, Iraq, Morocco, and Egypt. The OV focused on introducing the delegates to cold chain technology available in the United States. The cornerstone of the OV was the GCCA Annual Convention and Expo held from March 28 to April 2, 2009 in Palm Springs, California.

Cochran Cold Chain Management and Products Processing Training, 2007

The Cochran Fellowship Program provides short-term training opportunities to agricultural professionals from middle-income countries, emerging markets, and emerging democracies. The goals are to help eligible countries develop agricultural systems necessary to meet the food and fiber needs of their domestic populations and to strengthen and enhance trade linkages between eligible countries and agricultural interests in the United States. In 2007, WFLO offered cold chain management and products processing training to Cochran Fellows from Algeria and Morocco.

Mozambique

Supply Chain and Logistics Development for Facilitating Intra-Regional Trade in SADC, 2007

Partnered with International Trade Centre United Nations Conference on Trade and Development/World Trade Organization (International Trade Commission)

WFLO reviewed and provided recommendations on how to best facilitate intra-regional trade of food commodities in Southern Africa. WFLO developed an action plan and a project proposal for improving the supply and logistics chains and increasing the participation of small-scale businesses in fresh food supply chains along the several development corridors in seven selected countries that are members of the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC). The targeted countries were South Africa, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe. The primary focus of the review was on food exports from the targeted countries into the SADC region, with special emphasis on trade with South Africa. Food exports included fresh fruit and vegetables and processed foods.

Partnerships for Food Industry Development, Southern Africa, 2004 – 2009

Partnered with Louisiana State University

WFLO supported the PFID project in Southern Africa through trainings and association capacity building activities. This provided a market services support program, which improved market access, market linkages, and the region’s cold chain services. Countries reviewed in this project were Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia, and Namibia.

Namibia

Partnerships for Food Industry Development, Southern Africa, 2004 – 2009

Partnered with Louisiana State University

WFLO supported the PFID project in Southern Africa through trainings and association capacity building activities. This provided a market services support program, which improved market access, market linkages, and the region’s cold chain services. Countries reviewed in this project were Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia, and Namibia.

Nicaragua

Operaciones de Almacenaje Refrigerado Curso Corto, 2009

Partnered with Louisiana State University AgCenter

In June 2009, WFLO held a Cold Store Operations Short Course in Managua, Nicaragua. Held by WFLO, and sponsored by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), this 3 day course provided employees with the knowledge they need to make sound operating decisions within their business. Topics covered includes Cold Store Operations, Innovations & Best Practices in Cold Storage Technology, Temperature Monitoring and Documentation, Fundamentals of Refrigeration, Handling Export/Import Perishables in Nicaragua, and more.

Needs Assessment, 2004 – 2006

Partnered with the U.S. Meat Export Federation (USMEF)

From 2004 to 2006, WFLO partnered with the United States Meat Export Federation (USMEF) and the United States Poultry and Egg Export Council (USPEEC) on a project funded by the USDA as a Global Based Initiative. Culminating in a Needs Assessment published in 2006, the project examined the integrated cold chain sectors of storage/distribution, processing, retail sales, and food service in Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala, Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Costa Rica.

Partnerships for Food Industry Development, 2005 – 2009

Partnered with Louisiana State University

WFLO supported the PFID project through trainings and association capacity building activities. This provided a market services support program, which improved market access, market linkages, and the region’s cold chain services. Countries reviewed in this project were Nicaragua and South Africa.

Nigeria

Postharvest Loss Alliance for Nutrition (PLAN), 2015 – 2017

Partnered with GAIN

Beginning in 2015, WFLO worked with the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN) to develop a project in Nigeria that kicked off in 2016. The Postharvest Loss Alliance for Nutrition (PLAN) project established a business-to-business linkage with GCCA members and local Nigerian companies who are seeking to improve their businesses. PLAN offered an opportunity for GCCA members who had interest, expertise, and availability to share their knowledge to grow the cold chain globally. Through the PLAN project, Nigerian companies were identified and vetted for participation. Each of these companies received a diagnostic needs assessment. Where the needs involve cold chain storage, operations, refrigeration engineering, or business operations, GCCA reached out to members who had expressed an interest in participating to link them with the Nigerian business.

Organization of Islamic Cooperation/COMCEC Postharvest Loss Study, 2015 – 2016

Partnered with Postharvest Education Foundation

In 2015-2016, we worked with The Postharvest Education Foundation (PEF), founded by GCCA’s Senior Technical Advisor, Dr. Lisa Kitinoja, to research and write a study on the food losses incurred on-farm in the 57 member countries. Funded by the COMCEC Office of the OIC, this project assessed on-farm losses to provide recommendations to reduce such losses. Through an extensive literature review, survey, and case studies completed on specific crops in Uganda, Nigeria, Benin, Egypt, Turkey, and Indonesia, the study identified seven recommendations for consideration. The recommendations were intended to be practical, applicable, concrete, open to collaborative efforts and capable of being implemented on a small, medium, or large scale to match currently available resources.

Nigeria Food Safety Workshop/Stakeholder Meeting, 2013

In 2013, WFLO hosted a National Food Safety Roundtable July 8 to 13 in partnership with USDA and in collaboration with the USAID NEXTT project. The program drew more than 100 participants with representatives from the Nigerian government, food companies, industry associations, and university and development partners, and was designed to finalize and adopt the first National Food Safety Policy in Nigeria. The event succeeded in creating synergy on food safety policy between the Nigerian Federal Ministries of Industry, Trade and investment, Agriculture and Rural Development and Health. Prior to the event, each Ministry had separate food safety policies or food safety committees. The roundtable culminated in the launch of the National Food Safety Management Committee (NFSMC), which was recently established by the Nigerian Federal Executive Council and is tasked with overseeing food safety policy and implementation in Nigeria.

Nigeria NEXTT Project, 2012 – 2016

Partnered with CARANA Corporation

Beginning in 2012, GCCA worked with CARANA/Palladium to support the opening of trade in Nigeria. In particular, the work of our colleague Bukola Sotuba, a food safety specialist, provided expertise to the private sector companies interested in developing the cold chain as well as government officials. Working directly with NAFDAC, the Nigerian equivalent of the USDA, Bukola assisted companies seeking certification from NAFDAC.

Pakistan

Market Study for Temperature-Controlled Logistics Services in Pakistan, 2019 – Present

Partnered with LixCap

Partnered with LixCap, WFLO is supporting a market study for TCL services in Pakistan, funded by a private donor. WFLO and LixCap have reviewed previous market assessments for cold chain and offer recommendations for future investment in the country.

Pakistan Agriculture and Cold Chain Development Project, 2011 – 2014

Partnered with Winrock International

From 2011-2014, WFLO partnered with Winrock International on the Pakistan Agriculture and Cold Chain Development (PACCD) project. This USDA-funded project linked the horticulture and fish sectors in Balochistan, the largest province in Pakistan, to domestic markets in Lahore, Islamabad, Karachi and Hyderabad and international markets. WFLO built the capacity of businesses dealing with agricultural products and related refrigerated storage, transport, and value-added activities. More importantly, we laid the groundwork for the establishment of national cold chain association. As a result of our technical assistance, the Pakistan Cold Chain Development Company (PCCDC) was legally established in January 2014, and a formal launch of the association took place on June 11, 2014. This association represents the interests of all members of an integrated cold chain industry. GCCA continues to work with and support this association today.

Feasibility Study for Cold Storage Infrastructure Network, 2010

Partnered with Frigipak Pakistan

USTDA provided funding in collaboration with a private investor in Pakistan to examine the country’s existing cold chain, including the technical assistance and commercial development needed to improve postharvest handling. The findings and conclusions of the assessment were documented in a final report, which included recommendations on needs for technical assistance as well as opportunities for future investment.

USTDA Institute of Food Technologists South Asia Agro Food Processing, 2009

Partnered with The Peoples Group LTD

The delegates met with U.S. private and public sector entities active in this arena and attended the Institute of Food Technologists Annual Food Expo in Anaheim, CA, in June 2009. This orientation visit (OV) introduced Indian, Sri Lankan, and Pakistani delegates to U.S. technology, equipment, services, and best practices that are being employed in the agro/food processing sector. This OV focused on the Indian subcontinent’s growing food processing sector. This sector was identified as a priority growth area in India and other countries in this critical region to address food safety and security goals, to increase market outlets for farm produce, and to serve marketplace demands.

Peru

Emerging Markets Program: Cold Chain Assessment, Training and Advisory Services for Bolivia, Ecuador, and Peru, 2014-2015

The USDA’s Emerging Market Programs looks to support emerging economies with their ability to receive US exports. In 2014, WFLO completed an assessment comparing the cold chain networks of these countries and followed up with cold chain training in Colombia.

Cochran Fellowship Cold Chain Management Program, 2007

The Cochran Fellowship Program provides short-term training opportunities to agricultural professionals from middle-income countries, emerging markets, and emerging democracies. The goals are to help eligible countries develop agricultural systems necessary to meet the food and fiber needs of their domestic populations and to strengthen and enhance trade linkages between eligible countries and agricultural interests in the United States. In 2007, WFLO offered cold chain management and products processing training to Cochran Fellows from Colombia, Peru, and Venezuela.

Philippines

Market Assessment of TCL Services in Philippines, 2020 – Present

Partnered with Cold Chain Association of the Philippines and LixCap

WFLO has been contracted to perform a market study for TCL services sector in the Philippines. The main objectives of this project are to determine the existing and future demand and supply for TCL services and recommend strategies for growth. This will aid in strategy development for attracting third party logistics players into the cold chain.

Southeast Asia Emerging Markets Program, 2016 – 2017

Through the United States Departure of Agriculture’s (USDA) Foreign Agricultural Service’s (FAS) Emerging Markets Program (EMP), WFLO was granted funds to examine and strengthen the cold chain in the Philippines and Indonesia. The project established a baseline assessment in 2016, which was followed with a study tour and focus group discussions on cold chain in the region. WFLO identified the feasibility of establishing long-term training in the region.

Philippines Cold Chain Project (PCCP), 2014 – 2017

Partnered with Winrock International

GCCA has supported the Cold Chain Association of the Philippines (CCAP) since 2002. On the USDA-funded Philippines Cold Chain Project, WFLO partnered with Winrock International to facilitate CCAP’s growth and development. On this project, GCCA members and staff visited the Philippines to speak at the annual CCAP conference and conferences for the meat and hog industry; toured storage and processing facilities to provide one-on-one consultations; and worked with the association to encourage member support and events.

Cochran Cold Chain Management and Products Processing Training, 2007

The Cochran Fellowship Program provides short-term training opportunities to agricultural professionals from middle-income countries, emerging markets, and emerging democracies. The goals are to help eligible countries develop agricultural systems necessary to meet the food and fiber needs of their domestic populations and to strengthen and enhance trade linkages between eligible countries and agricultural interests in the United States. In 2007, WFLO offered cold chain management and products processing training to Cochran Fellows from the Philippines.

Successful Refrigerated Warehousing, Distribution and Logistics: The Essential Pathway for US Imports, 2002 – 2003

WFLO supported the USDA-funded Emerging Markets Program in the Philippines by assessing the cold chain situation and developing actionable strategies for improvement. The Emerging Markets Program helps U.S. organizations promote exports of U.S. agricultural products to countries that have, or are, developing market-oriented economies and that have the potential to be viable commercial markets.

Russia

St. Petersburg Port Assessment, 2008

WFLO collaborated with Russian officials and industry to identify solutions for alleviating the Port of Greater St. Petersburg’s congestion crisis. International trade, transportation, and port specialists analyzed the current and future cargo access limitations and proposed possible routing alternatives or potential changes in procedures that facilitated increased volumes of related U.S. exports.

Rwanda

UC Davis HORT CRSP Rwanda, 2010 – 2013

Partnered with UC Davis

Working in collaboration with the University of California, Davis, GCCA managed grants for Postharvest Training Service Centers (PTSCs) and provided technical assistance for postharvest training, advisory services, and project evaluation.

Identification of Appropriate Postharvest Technologies for Improving Market Access and Incomes for Small Horticultural Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, 2009

Partnered with UC Davis Postharvest Research and Information Center

Beginning in February 2009, WFLO led a one-year project to assess the state of postharvest losses and quality problems in developing countries, funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The goals of the project were to develop a set of recommendations for guiding future projects and to assist the Foundation in planning their overall horticultural strategy. Project partners included UC Davis (California, USA), Amity University (India), ISAR and KIST (Rwanda), CSIR, KNUST and PolyTechnics (Ghana) and IITA–Benin. During April – September 2009, an international team of scientists and value chain experts involved with the WFLO Appropriate Postharvest Technology project embarked upon a series of field trips to Egypt, Rwanda, Benin, Kenya, Ghana, Indonesia, and India.

Saudi Arabia

Arabian Food Storage Company Feasibility Study, 2013

Partnered with Samara Trading Est.

In 2013, Samara Trading Group engaged WFLO to review a market study completed in 2012 to determine if the proposed temperature-controlled storage was bankable. GCCA experts reviewed feasibility study and suggested improvements that would provide a global prospective, including the addition of key indicators, benchmarks, trends, and forecasts based on general trends within the global public warehousing industry.

Senegal

Enhancement of Agricultural Perishable Goods Logistics in Senegal, 2015 – 2016

Partnered with Agland Investment Services

From June-December 2015, WFLO worked with Agland Investment Services on the World Bank study on the Enhancement of Agricultural and Perishable Goods Logistics in Senegal. This resulted in a report that explores how to improve efficiencies within the supply chain for key products and identified possibilities for public-private partnerships to support exports from Senegal. The original study included potato, onion, mangoes, banana, cereals (rice, millet/sorghum, corn), milk, and fisheries. In discussions with the World Bank, the final report targets banana and rice.

Serbia

Serbian National Agribusiness Activity, 2008 – 2009

Partnered with DAI

WFLO was hired to evaluate the current situation of cold and cool chains in the Serbia for the sale of fresh produce and fruits, locally and for export. Information was presented in a report that included identification of the end markets for each category of fresh product and evaluation of the applicable international standards and the market requirements for fresh products from the standpoint of post-harvest cooling, handling, transportation and logistics.

South Africa

Supply Chain and Logistics Development for Facilitating Intra-Regional Trade in SADC, 2007

Partnered with International Trade Centre United Nations Conference on Trade and Development/World Trade Organization (International Trade Commission)

WFLO reviewed and provided recommendations on how to best facilitate intra-regional trade of food commodities in Southern Africa. WFLO developed an action plan and a project proposal for improving the supply and logistics chains and increasing the participation of small-scale businesses in fresh food supply chains along the several development corridors in seven selected countries that are members of the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC). The targeted countries were South Africa, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe. The primary focus of the review was on food exports from the targeted countries into the SADC region, with special emphasis on trade with South Africa. Food exports included fresh fruit and vegetables and processed foods.

Cochran Cold Chain Management and Products Processing Training, 2007

The Cochran Fellowship Program provides short-term training opportunities to agricultural professionals from middle-income countries, emerging markets, and emerging democracies. The goals are to help eligible countries develop agricultural systems necessary to meet the food and fiber needs of their domestic populations and to strengthen and enhance trade linkages between eligible countries and agricultural interests in the United States. In 2007, WFLO offered cold chain management and products processing training to Cochran Fellows from South Africa.

Partnerships for Food Industry Development, Southern Africa, 2004 – 2009

Partnered with Louisiana State University

WFLO supported the PFID project in Southern Africa through trainings and association capacity building activities. This provided a market services support program, which improved market access, market linkages, and the region’s cold chain services. Countries reviewed in this project were Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia, and Namibia.

Emerging Markets Program: South Africa, 2002

Partnered with Commodity Credit Corporation

WFLO supported the USDA-funded Emerging Markets Program in South Africa by assessing the cold chain situation and developing actionable strategies for improvement. The Emerging Markets Program helps U.S. organizations promote exports of U.S. agricultural products to countries that have, or are, developing market-oriented economies and that have the potential to be viable commercial markets.

Sri Lanka

USTDA Institute of Food Technologists South Asia Agro Food Processing, 2009

Partnered with The Peoples Group LTD

The delegates met with U.S. private and public sector entities active in this arena and attended the Institute of Food Technologists Annual Food Expo in Anaheim, CA, in June 2009. This orientation visit (OV) introduced Indian, Sri Lankan, and Pakistani delegates, including policymakers and businesspeople, to U.S. technology, equipment, services, and best practices that are being employed in the agro/food processing sector. This OV focused on the Indian subcontinent’s growing food processing sector. This sector was identified as a priority growth area in India and other countries in this critical region to address food safety and security goals, to increase market outlets for farm produce, and to serve marketplace demands.

Tajikistan

Competitiveness, Trade and Jobs (CTJ) Cold Chain Activities, 2018 – Present

Partnered with DAI

WFLO was originally hired in 2017 to assess gaps in cold chain sustainability in the region. The assessment provided recommendations and outlined specific actions to grow the industry throughout the region. The assessment subsequently led to a second contract to implement some of the recommendations, particularly those on providing training and education. Initially planned as in-country training and site visits, the project was forced to move to remote training in 2020 due to travel and safety restrictions from Covid-19. By lending time and expertise, several GCCA members have made it possible for us to offer virtual short courses on cold store operations.

Horticultural Value Chain Consulting Services, 2021

Partnered with DAI

WFLO has been contracted by DAI Global, LLC to provide horticulture value chain consulting services to support their research in Tajikistan. DAI is implementing a USAID-funded Feed the Future Tajikistan Agriculture and Land Governance (ALG) Activity. WFLO is providing consulting services to support DAI’s research team to understand the current capabilities and potential capacities of farmers in the 12 districts of Khatlon where the ALG Activity is working and make recommendations based on their observations.

Tajikistan Consultations, 2018

Partnered with Chemonics International Inc.

In April 2018, WFLO signed a small contract to provide consultations to cold storage owners in Tajikistan as part of the USAID-funded Tajikistan Agriculture and Water Activity (TAWA). Tajikistan would like to replicate the successful growth in cold storage capacity and exports that neighboring Uzbekistan has, where WFLO has provided technical assistance beginning in 2011. This project was an initial step that provided technical advice to cold storage owners storing fruit and vegetable products. GCCA Regional Advisor Mumin Isamiddinov visited 23 cold storages and provided recommendations for operational improvements.

CTJ Tajikistan Training, 2018

Partnered with DAI

WFLO sent Regional Cold Chain Advisor, Mumin Isamiddinov, to conduct capacity building of cold storage owners and producers of horticultural goods of Khatlon region on effective use of cold facilities and post-harvest techniques for horticultural goods.

CTJ Assessment, 2017

Partnered with DAI

WFLO has supported the USAID Central Asia Competitiveness, Trade and Jobs (CTJ) project, which works in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. WFLO was hired in 2017 to assess gaps in cold chain sustainability in the region. The assessment provided recommendations and outlined specific actions to grow the industry throughout the region.

Tajikistan Development of Cold Storage Facilities, 2016

In 2016, WFLO signed a new contract for a project in Tajikistan. The project was a follow-up on one completed in 2015. It involved the creation of a business plan and financial model designed to attract investment into cold storage facilities. GCCA member, Mumin Isamiddinov, who worked on previous WFLO projects, worked with Richard Dowdell to provide updated information into the model.

Tajikistan Cold Storage Consultancy, 2014 – 2015

WFLO was originally contracted in 2014 to provide consulting services to the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) in the Republic of Tajikistan. Two WFLO members traveled to Tajikistan to prepare technical documents to accompany an investment prospectus for potential cold storage investments in strategic locations throughout Tajikistan.    

Tanzania

TOPS Evaluation of HORT CRSP, 2010 – 2015

Partnered with Save the Children

From 2010-2015, the World Food Logistics Organization (WFLO) worked with the University of California, Davis and The World Vegetable Center (AVRDC) on a USAID-funded pilot project to establish a Postharvest Training and Services Center (PTSC) in Arusha, Tanzania. The objective of this grant was to evaluate the efficacy of the Postharvest Technology Center (PTSC) that WFLO helped to launch in October 2012 under the USAID-funded Horticultural Collaborative Research Project. In addition, WFLO experts evaluated overall postharvest extension service activities that took place under HORT CRSP and conduct additional training for past beneficiaries on postharvest best practices and technology adoption/utilization.

Evaluating Small Scale Postharvest Cooling and Drying Technologies in Various Climates, 2014

Partnered with UC Davis

In 2014, WFLO partnered with the University of California, Davis to complete 8 cold storage studies in Tanzania, Ghana, Honduras, Guatemala, and Thailand in collaboration with Horticulture Innovation Lab affiliated professionals in Africa, Southeast Asia, and South America to determine the performance efficiency of the Zero Energy Cool Chamber (ZECC) compared to ambient air storage under a variety of combinations of high/low temperatures and high/low relative humidity conditions. The project also conducted solar drying studies in 8 sites to determine the performance efficiency of the UCD chimney dryer compared to the traditional indirect solar cabinet dryer.

Supply Chain and Logistics Development for Facilitating Intra-Regional Trade in SADC, 2007

Partnered with International Trade Centre United Nations Conference on Trade and Development/World Trade Organization (International Trade Commission)

WFLO reviewed and provided recommendations on how to best facilitate intra-regional trade of food commodities in Southern Africa. WFLO developed an action plan and a project proposal for improving the supply and logistics chains and increasing the participation of small-scale businesses in fresh food supply chains along the several development corridors in seven selected countries that are members of the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC). The targeted countries were South Africa, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe. The primary focus of the review was on food exports from the targeted countries into the SADC region, with special emphasis on trade with South Africa. Food exports included fresh fruit and vegetables and processed foods.

Thailand

South East Asia Emerging Markets Program: Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam, 2019 – Present

WFLO is conducting a comprehensive baseline assessment of the cold chain situation in Vietnam, Thailand, and Cambodia. This activity is a part of the USDA-funded Emerging Markets Program (EMP), which helps U.S. organizations promote exports of U.S. agricultural products to countries that have or are developing market-oriented economies and that have the potential to be viable commercial markets. In 2019, several GCCA members and staff were able to visit the region to perform site studies and tours and collect data. This data will be compiled and help WFLO create recommendations for cold chain development.

Evaluating Small Scale Postharvest Cooling and Drying Technologies in Various Climates, 2014

Partnered with UC Davis

In 2014, WFLO partnered with the University of California Davis to complete 8 cold storage studies in Tanzania, Ghana, Honduras, Guatemala, and Thailand in collaboration with Horticulture Innovation Lab affiliated professionals in Africa, Southeast Asia, and South America to determine the performance efficiency of the Zero Energy Cool Chamber (ZECC) compared to ambient air storage under a variety of combinations of high/low temperatures and high/low relative humidity conditions. The project also conducted solar drying studies in 8 sites to determine the performance efficiency of the UCD chimney dryer compared to the traditional indirect solar cabinet dryer.

Togo

Partnerships for Food Industry Development, Avian Influenza, 2008 – 2009

Partnered with Louisiana State University

WFLO implemented a Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) mitigation and prevention project in Zambia and Togo. This project was designed to improve the ability of associations to provide vital services to their members. These services include assistance in developing integrated sales networks, industry promotions, advocacy efforts, information dissemination, and education or awareness programs. Association-based assistance also includes promotion of regional trade and export opportunities. The resulting impact of a newly developed and strengthened integrated network included the potential to increase the success of the region’s food industry, thereby resulting in increased employment opportunities.

Turkey

Organization of Islamic Cooperation/COMCEC Postharvest Loss Study, 2015 – 2016

Partnered with Postharvest Education Foundation

In 2015-2016, we worked with The Postharvest Education Foundation (PEF), founded by GCCA’s Senior Technical Advisor, Dr. Lisa Kitinoja, to research and write a study on the food losses incurred on-farm in the 57 member countries. Funded by the COMCEC Office of the OIC, this project assessed on-farm losses to provide recommendations to reduce such losses. Through an extensive literature review, survey, and case studies completed on specific crops in Uganda, Nigeria, Benin, Egypt, Turkey, and Indonesia, the study identified seven recommendations for consideration. The recommendations were intended to be practical, applicable, concrete, open to collaborative efforts and capable of being implemented on a small, medium, or large scale to match currently available resources.

Turkmenistan

Competitiveness, Trade and Jobs (CTJ) Cold Chain Activities, 2018 – Present

Partnered with DAI

WFLO was originally hired in 2017 to assess gaps in cold chain sustainability in the region. The assessment provided recommendations and outlined specific actions to grow the industry throughout the region. The assessment subsequently led to a second contract to implement some of the recommendations, particularly those on providing training and education. Initially planned as in-country training and site visits, the project was forced to move to remote training in 2020 due to travel and safety restrictions from Covid-19. By lending time and expertise, several GCCA members have made it possible for us to offer virtual short courses on cold store operations.

CTJ Assessment, 2017

Partnered with DAI

WFLO has supported the USAID Central Asia Competitiveness, Trade and Jobs (CTJ) project, which works in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. WFLO was hired in 2017 to assess gaps in cold chain sustainability in the region. The assessment provided recommendations and outlined specific actions to grow the industry throughout the region.

Uganda

Organization of Islamic Cooperation/COMCEC Postharvest Loss Study, 2015 – 2016

Partnered with Postharvest Education Foundation

In 2015-2016, we worked with The Postharvest Education Foundation (PEF), founded by GCCA’s Senior Technical Advisor, Dr. Lisa Kitinoja, to research and write a study on the food losses incurred on-farm in the 57 member countries. Funded by the COMCEC Office of the OIC, this project assessed on-farm losses to provide recommendations to reduce such losses. Through an extensive literature review, survey, and case studies completed on specific crops in Uganda, Nigeria, Benin, Egypt, Turkey, and Indonesia, the study identified seven recommendations for consideration. The recommendations were intended to be practical, applicable, concrete, open to collaborative efforts and capable of being implemented on a small, medium, or large scale to match currently available resources.

TOPS Evaluation of HORT CRSP, 2014 – 2015

Partnered with Save the Children

From 2010-2015, the World Food Logistics Organization (WFLO) worked with the University of California, Davis and The World Vegetable Center (AVRDC) on a USAID-funded pilot project to establish a Postharvest Training and Services Center (PTSC) in Arusha, Tanzania. The objective of this grant was to evaluate the efficacy of the Postharvest Technology Center (PTSC) that WFLO helped to launch in October 2012 under the USAID-funded Horticultural Collaborative Research Project. In addition, WFLO experts evaluated overall postharvest extension service activities that took place under HORT CRSP and conduct additional training for past beneficiaries on postharvest best practices and technology adoption/utilization.

UC Davis HORT CRSP Uganda, 2011

Partnered with UC Davis

WFLO worked with UC Davis to provide training and assessment, via short course, in horticultural production and marketing for facilitators and lead farmers. In addition, WFLO advised MUZARDI on implementation of post-harvest research and training activities based on short course and distance learning.

Ukraine

Ukraine Horticultural Business Development and Cold Chain Conference, 2014 – 2016

Partnered with Mennonite Economic Development Associates (MEDA)

WFLO has an ongoing relationship with the Canadian-funded Ukraine Horticulture Development Project (UHBDP). Working with the Mennonite Economic Development Associates (MEDA), WFLO has completed two activities. In 2014, a Transport and Logistics expert worked with the project to identify cold chain interventions that the project could support. In 2016, GCCA sent a team of experts to present information on cold chain storage and logistics, identifying barriers and opportunities within the cold chain in Southern Ukraine at a conference. While there, the team visited businesses to offer specific recommendations.

Ukraine Cochran Seafood Study Tour, 2011 – 2012

WFLO led a two-week customized program to expose Ukrainian Fish Marketing Managers to best fish marketing and handling practices. The program included visits to International Boston Seafood Show and intensive hands-on training for improve quality assurance, and targeted visits to major seafood importers, processors, wholesalers and retailers.

Partnerships for Food Industry Development, 2000 – 2005

Partnered with Louisiana State University

WFLO supported the PFID project through trainings and association capacity building activities. This provided a market services support program, which improved market access, market linkages, and the region’s cold chain services. Countries reviewed in this project were Moldova and Ukraine.

United States

Tuskegee University/USDA Postharvest Training, 2015-2018

Partnered with Tuskegee University

Not all of WFLO’s project work is focused internationally. In 2015, the WFLO partnered with Tuskegee University to support and deliver postharvest training to students in the southern United States. Led by GCCA’s Senior Technical Advisor, Dr. Lisa Kitinoja, WFLO led a train the trainer program, developed a short course in postharvest technology, and is assisting Tuskegee with the establishment of a new Postharvest Food Processing/Training Center.

WWF Food Loss – Peaches and Tomatoes, 2018

Partnered with World Wildlife Fund

WFLO carried out an exhaustive literature review as well as industry interviews to create a feasibility and market study on vegetables and stone fruits, focused primarily on peaches and tomatoes. The study examined the demand for processed vegetable/stone fruit products, types of products that could be produced by processing, traditional markets and market prices, harvest types, and processing equipment types and cost. WFLO outlined a recommended course of action for peach and tomato growers.

WWF Food Loss, 2017

Partnered with World Wildlife Fund

WFLO conducted field studies to estimate on-farm losses for various types of products, farm sizes and geographies. Products included potatoes, tomatoes, and leafy greens as well as fruit trees (specifically peaches). WFLO also supported WWF in conducting commodity systems and training needs assessments, business association development, and facilitate regional cold chain exposure and participation, providing a final report that encompassed on-farm and postharvest loss reports summarizing losses experienced at each of the major stages from farm to postharvest stage for each commodity.

Uruguay

Cochran Cold Chain Management and Products Processing Training, 2007

The Cochran Fellowship Program provides short-term training opportunities to agricultural professionals from middle-income countries, emerging markets, and emerging democracies. The goals are to help eligible countries develop agricultural systems necessary to meet the food and fiber needs of their domestic populations and to strengthen and enhance trade linkages between eligible countries and agricultural interests in the United States. In 2007, WFLO offered cold chain management and products processing training to Cochran Fellows from Chile, Colombia, El Salvador, and Uruguay.

Uzbekistan

Competitiveness, Trade and Jobs (CTJ) Cold Chain Activities, 2018 – Present

Partnered with DAI

WFLO was originally hired in 2017 to assess gaps in cold chain sustainability in the region. The assessment provided recommendations and outlined specific actions to grow the industry throughout the region, and subsequently led to a second contract to implement some of the recommendations, particularly those on providing training and education. Initially planned as in-country training and site visits, the project was forced to move to remote training in 2020 due to travel and safety restrictions from Covid-19. By lending time and expertise, several GCCA members have made it possible for us to offer virtual short courses on cold store operations.

Uzbekistan Agricultural Value Chains, 2015 – 2020

Partnered with DAI

Since 2011, WFLO has worked with DAI and USAID in Uzbekistan to expand the cold chain by assisting business owners with training and technical assistance. The training has included handling, storing, harvesting, and controlling temperatures to increase storage and shelf life. Work on the AVC project began in 2015, expanding and building upon prior cold storage development. With more than 2,000 cold storage facilities accounting for nearly 4 million cubic meters of capacity, Uzbekistan ranked among the global top-20 in the Global Cold Chain Alliance’s Global Cold Chain Capacity Report for 2016.

CTJ Assessment, 2017

Partnered with DAI

WFLO has supported the USAID Central Asia Competitiveness, Trade and Jobs (CTJ) project, which works in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. WFLO was hired in 2017 to assess gaps in cold chain sustainability in the region. The assessment provided recommendations and outlined specific actions to grow the industry throughout the region.

Cold Storage Project in Uzbekistan, 2012 – 2014

In 2012, WFLO was asked to prepare technical documents for potential investors. To complete this documents, GCCA experts conducted site inventories in four locations, assessing competition from existing facilities; local interest from potential joint venture partners; availability of refrigerated transport; proximity to sources of supply and demand for fruit, vegetables, and chilled meat products; access to infrastructure; and the ease and cost-effectiveness of upgrading existing infrastructure or alternatively developing back-up systems to ease the impact of power outages and water shortages. In addition, WFLO collected and analyzed data for the catchment area of each site, prepared technical specification with draft design and engineering plans for each potential site, and provided cost estimates for construction.

Uzbekistan Ag Links, 2011 – 2015

Partnered with DAI

WFLO’s cold chain support included identification, strengthening, optimization, training, and capacity building, beginning with a cold chain inventory and capacity assessment. Training workshops and one-on-one assistance to specific cold storage providers were provided as well as technical material in Russian and Uzbek on best storage practices for retaining product quality and safety in the project’s targeted crops.

Cold Storage Operations Workshop, 2010

Partnered with DAI

WFLO provided a Cold Storage Workshop to targeted to existing cold storage managers, cold chain service and material providers, and potential investors to showcase best practices and modern technologies that can assist Uzbek participants to reduce losses and improve the quality of their products. The courses featured innovative technology transfer and training methods, including presentations from industry experts on food safety, postharvest handling, cold chain management, cold storage, logistics, and transportation principles effective in enhancing product quality, safety, and efficiency.

Venezuela

Cochran Fellowship Cold Chain Management Program, 2007

The Cochran Fellowship Program provides short-term training opportunities to agricultural professionals from middle-income countries, emerging markets, and emerging democracies. The goals are to help eligible countries develop agricultural systems necessary to meet the food and fiber needs of their domestic populations and to strengthen and enhance trade linkages between eligible countries and agricultural interests in the United States. In 2007, WFLO offered cold chain management and products processing training to Cochran Fellows from Colombia, Peru, and Venezuela.

Vietnam

South East Asia Emerging Markets Program: Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam, 2019 – Present

WFLO is conducting a comprehensive baseline assessment of the cold chain situation in Vietnam, Thailand, and Cambodia. This activity is a part of the USDA-funded Emerging Markets Program (EMP), which helps U.S. organizations promote exports of U.S. agricultural products to countries that have or are developing market-oriented economies and that have the potential to be viable commercial markets. In 2019, several GCCA members and staff were able to visit the region to perform site studies and tours and collect data. This data will be compiled and help WFLO create recommendations for cold chain development.

Yemen

Yemen Ice & Cold Storage Market Research, 2013

Partnered with Hudson Global Strategies

WFLO completed a Comprehensive Study on the Market for Cold Storage in Sana’a Yemen, building on existing market research completed by WFLO in Yemen in 2012. Final product includes a market demand assessment, operations and infrastructure assessment, legal and regulatory assessment, recommended business plan, and management/operations.

Yemen Cold Storage Market Assessment, 2012

Partnered with RIVACOM & Associates

In 2012, GCCA was contracted by RIVACOM Associates to participate in a comprehensive study examining cold storage capacity in the Middle East North Africa (MENA) region. Two GCCA experts participated, lending market research and refrigeration engineering expertise. The output resulted in responses to a series of market-related questions posed by RIVACOM. As this was a private company, the results are not publicly available.

Zambia

Zambia HORT-CRSP, 2012

Partnered with Rutgers State University of New Jersey

WFLO completed an in-depth literature review on temperature controlled food and cold chain development, followed by a rapid, in-country, cold chain assessment. Based on this information, WFLO developed a Cold Chain Education presentation and designed a “train the trainers,” targeting Zambian professionals from the farming, shipping, warehousing and logistics sectors.

Partnerships for Food Industry Development, Avian Influenza, 2008 – 2009

Partnered with Louisiana State University

WFLO implemented a Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) mitigation and prevention project in Zambia and Togo. This project was designed to improve the ability of associations to provide vital services to their members. These services include assistance in developing integrated sales networks, industry promotions, advocacy efforts, information dissemination, and education or awareness programs. Association-based assistance also includes promotion of regional trade and export opportunities. The resulting impact of a newly developed and strengthened integrated network included the potential to increase the success of the region’s food industry, thereby resulting in increased employment opportunities.

Partnerships for Food Industry Development, Southern Africa, 2004 – 2009

Partnered with Louisiana State University

WFLO supported the PFID project in Southern Africa through trainings and association capacity building activities. This provided a market services support program, which improved market access, market linkages, and the region’s cold chain services. Countries reviewed in this project were Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia, and Namibia.

Zimbabwe

Supply Chain and Logistics Development for Facilitating Intra-Regional Trade in SADC, 2007

Partnered with International Trade Centre United Nations Conference on Trade and Development/World Trade Organization (International Trade Commission)

WFLO reviewed and provided recommendations on how to best facilitate intra-regional trade of food commodities in Southern Africa. WFLO developed an action plan and a project proposal for improving the supply and logistics chains and increasing the participation of small-scale businesses in fresh food supply chains along the several development corridors in seven selected countries that are members of the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC). The targeted countries were South Africa, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe. The primary focus of the review was on food exports from the targeted countries into the SADC region, with special emphasis on trade with South Africa. Food exports included fresh fruit and vegetables and processed foods.